Maharashtra, the second most populated state of India is situated in the Western region, is the wealthiest State of the country. Arabian Sea borders the west, Gujarat and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the North West, Chhattisgarh in the East, Madhya Pradesh in the North East, Goa in the South West and Andhra Pradesh in the South East. Marathi is a official language and the major cities include Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Aurangabad, Nasik and Navi Mumbai.
The major religions are Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Christian, Sikhism, Buddhism, Zoroastrians and Judaism, This State has economic relevance and famous for heritage, wild life, cultural and historical up holdings. The major festivals are Ganesh Chaturthi devoted to Lord Ganesha and celebrated through out the State in complete velour. Maharashtra is also closely associated with saints like Sai baba of Shirdi which is the most popular and famous site for Hindu pilgrimage. The highest level of urbanization is there in Maharashtra, mountainous soil not suitable for intensive agriculture as compared to North Indian plains.
Mumbai is the state capital and is a financial and commercial capital of India. Live style is rich, cosmopolitan with variety of food and is diverse with entertainment and night life. Film industry of India, bollywood is also here.
Pune, connected by Mumbai-Pune express way is the second largest city of Maharashtra, has very important cantonment of military, is also a hub of information technology in India and manufacture of automobile components and its manufacturing.
Nasik, wine capital of India has many wine yards. It is one of the holy city of Hindu traditions. Major part of excile was spent here by Lord Rama, a hero of great Indian epic, the Ramayana.
Nagpur, a home of many industries and international cargo airport, houses many service industries in its SEZs. Nagpur is the Geographical center of India, also known as “Zero Mile Stone”, houses some of the tourist attractions like Sita bardi fort, Seminary hills, Khindsi lake and Pench national park.
Aurangabad, is a industrial city and a tourist hub containing historical monuments like Ajanta and Ellora caves and declared the World heritage site by UNESCO, also called the “city of gates” and is the World fastest growing city.
Solapur, contributes majorly in agriculture produce, fruits like Pomegranate, Grapes etc. It is known as the city of fruits producing the white variety of fruits and has medium and small scale industries.
Maharashtra is the state having most footfalls of foreign and domestic tourist and theme tourism like adventure tourism, nature tourism, religious tourism, hill stations and the country side travel and offers most for adventure lovers like paragliding, rock climbing, scuba diving, snorkeling, kayaking, canoeing, tracking and wild life safari. Maharashtra has developed a unique and innovative tourism for nature like wild escapes, ecomantra, orchid group, nature trail, etc.
Major hill stations of Maharashtra are Lonavla, Mahabaleshwar, Amboli, Lavasa, Khandala, etc. The state also houses Haji Ali, a popular mosque in the seas. This mosque exhibits rise and fall of sea level around it during day and night which is remarkable.This mosque is associated with Sufism and adjoin by the popular grave of Hazrat Haji Ali, a well renowned muslim saint.
The country side, equally engrossing, extends from the Western Ghats down to Kerala. It is a state part with tropical geography and lush greenery, offering great clients for trekking and extensive train transport on the hilly terrain towards Goa.