Goa, located in the Western region of India, is India’s smallest state with Arabian sea along its coast and Maharashtra, Karnataka surrounding from two sides with Panaji as the state capital, a historic city of Margao exhibiting the cultural influence of Portuguese. Goa is a former Portuguese colony, renowned for its world heritage architecture, place of worship and beaches, visited by tourist all over the year nationally and internationally, rich in its flora and fauna. It is classified as bio diversity hot spot.
Goa has some of the busiest river in India namely Mandovi, Zuari, Chapora, Terekhol and Sal. Goa has over a hundred of medicinal springs, and about riverine islands and more than forty estuarine and eight marine. The soil is reddish in color and mostly alluvial and loamy. Tropical monsoon climate is featured with hot and humid climate with a day temperature of 35 degree celcius maximum. Forest are located in the interior Eastern region of the state and boasts of wild life sanctuaries including many plant species, bird species, animals and reptiles. Main food crop is coconut, cashewnuts, pineapples, sugarcanes, mangoes, etc. The famous national park includes Bondla wild life sanctuary, Molem wild life sanctuary, Salim Ali bird sanctuary located on the island of Chorao, and other national parks.
Tourism is generally focused on coastal area which has two seasons, winter and summer. Tourist from abroad (mainly Europe) visits Goa in winters and summers are occupied by Indian tourist. Goa is influenced by Portuguese culture and therefore displays a different picture of India to the visitors as compared to the other parts of India, and is famous for Bom Jesus Cathedral, New fax museum, Fort Aguada and other heritage sites of importance like Shanta Durga temple, Mangueshi temple, Goa state museum, Naval aviation museum and the National Institute of Oceanography. The prominent festival celeberated here are Christmas, Easter, Diwali, Goan Carnival and the most awaited new year celebration which gathers huge numbers of tourist everywhere.
The main beaches of Goa are Anjuna beach, Baga beach, Miramar beach, Colva beach, Arambol beach, Calangute beach, Vagator beach, Dona Paula beach, Candolim beach, which are beautiful natural site, which is soothing to eyes that is why it is known as tourist paradise or pearl of the orient. Though Goa is much more then sea and beaches ruled by Portuguese for about 450 years still inclined towards religious and national harmony.
The food is fish and rice and the Goan cuisine is a blend of different influences of history. The travellers to Goa love the peaceful, warm, laid-back and friendly nature of the Goan people. The best part is, this the place where people know how to relax. Goa has plenty of hotels, resortsand guest houses to stay which suits every taste and budget ranging from 5 star deluxe property to budget category property. The facility of long term rentals for tourist, specially foreigners willing to stay for longer period which are available in small villages or luxiran resorts around the beach area. Goa is well connected by air, road and rail.
Goa offers plenty full of water sports including wind surfing, scuba diving, jet skiing, parasailing. The sports facility provided are at par with international standard and norms accompanied by instructors to make it safe and exciting.
The major tours are Goa honeymoon tour, Goa carnival tour, Goa with South India. The local boat cruise displaying Goan dances and other recreational activities on board can be fascinating. The travelling within the state can be done through hired package inclusive transfers or through self hired vehicles mainly two wheelers