Bihar, derived from the ancient word Vihara which means monastery therefore living to its name, this state is full of monasteries. Along with Hindu, Muslim and Sikh shrines. The major river is Ganga, which is considered sacred according to Hindu mythology. This state has major impact of Buddhist circuit resulting in a trail of pilgrimage which begins with its capital city, Patna containing collections of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures in a noteworthy museum and the ashes of Lord Buddha in a terracotta urn at the similar location.
The state also has a libarary named as Khuda Baksh Oriental library containing rare muslim manu scripts from University of Cordoba, Spain. Nalanda confers the lotus’ which is considered as a place of spiritual knowledge and which flourished here during fifth to eleventh centuary as monastic university having 10,000 students and 2000 teachers to impart knowledge from all over the Buddhist world. Lord Buddha and Hieun Tsang were students of the same university in the seventh centuary. It is basically an excavation site and uncovering monasteries, lecture halls and temples. The venue for the first Buddhist counsil, the royal palace known as Rajgir is situated 12 kms south. The Buddha attained enlightenment after spending 5 yrs at Rajgir and the various related incidences pertaining to the life of Buddha is commemorated.
Buddha delivered most of his sermons at the hill of Grdhrakuta and therefore is the most important and Mahabodhi Temple is also precisely located. Bihar is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa and Nepal comprising of four major cultural regions like Magadha, ChotaNagpur, Mithila and Bhojpur. River Gandak, Soni and Kosi river joins Ganga here from North and South respectively leading to a fertile plain of Cultivating plantations of Wheat, Barley, Rice, Sugarcane, Oil Seeds and the other major cereals of India.
The main tourist circuits are Buddhist Circuit, Jain Circuit, Sufi Circuit and Eco Circuit.
The major destinations for Buddhist Circuit are Vaishali, Patna, Rajgir, Pawapuri, Bodhgaya, Nalanda and Kesaria. All these destinations have remarkable Stupas which are remenberance of the life of Buddha. The highest stupa among them is 104”.
Major destinations for the Jain Circuit are Rajgir situated at 19 kms from Nalanda and Pawapuri, situated at 90 kms from Patna. It is here Lord Mahavira, founder of Jainism, took his last breath.
Destinations known for Sufi Circuit are Maner Sharif, Khankah Mujibia, Dargah Sharif in Patna. Hajipur Karbala in Vaishali, Hasanpura in Siwan, BB Kamaal Sahiba in Jehanabad, Bari Dargargah (Bihar Sharif) in Nalanda where Urs is celeberated once a year inviting thousand and thousands of participant.
Kakolat (Nawada) and Bhimbandh (Munger) situated at 21 miles away from Nawada and 56 kms from Munger respectively. There is a waterfall at Gobindpur police station and Bhimbandh wild life sanctuary. The panoramic scene in Kakolat is very pleasant to the eyes, thanks to the green forest area all round. To the South of river Ganga is the famous Kharagpur hil range inhabited by dense population surrounded by rich forest along the hilly terrain growing Sal, Semal, Kend and other vegetations and is a host of wild life like Leopards, Barking Deers, Four Horned Antilope surrounded by hot springs at Sita Kund and Rishi Kund.